The Law Blog of Oklahoma

Does Oklahoma Track Violent Offenders?

Posted: Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Everyone is familiar with the sex offender registry--a database which records identifying information about convicted sex offenders, including their physical description, a description of the crime(s), and their address. Such a database is mandated by both state and federal law. However, Oklahoma has a registry which may be lesser known, but which serves a similar purpose to the sex offender registry. The Oklahoma Violent Offender Registry is intended to let people know if someone living in their vicinity has been convicted of a violent felony.

The database is established under the Mary Rippy Violent Crime Offenders Registration Act (57 O.S. § 591 – 599.1), which was named for an elderly woman who was strangled to death by a neighbor with prior violent felony convictions for manslaughter and felony possession of a firearm.

The idea behind the act is that registration would offer some protection of public safety if people were aware that those around them may have a violent criminal past.

Under the provisions of the act, anyone convicted or receiving a deferred sentence for any of the following crimes on or after November 1, 2004, must register as a violent offender:

  • 21 O.S. § 701.7, Murder in the First Degree; 
  • 21 O.S. § 701.8, Murder in the Second Degree; 
  • 21 O.S. § 711, Manslaughter in the First Degree; 
  • 21 O.S. 652, Shooting with Intent to Kill; Assault and Battery with a Deadly Weapon; Use of a Vehicle to Facilitate Use of a Firearm, Crossbow or other Weapon; 
  • 21 O.S. § 653, Assault with Intent to Kill; and 
  • 21 O.S. § 1767.1, Bombing and Explosives Violations.

Additionally, people convicted of certain abuse crimes may be required to register if a judge specifically orders violent offender registration:

  • 10 O.S. § 7115, Abuse or Neglect of Child/Child Beating; 
  • 21 O.S. § 843.1, Caretaker Abuse or Neglect; 
  • 21 O.S. § 843.2, Verbal Abuse by a Caretaker (misdemeanor); 
  • 21 O.S. §852, Omission to Provide for a Child; and 
  • 21 O.S. § 852.1, Child Endangerment.

The Notice of Duty to Register with the Oklahoma violent offender registry lists several requirements and restrictions:

  • Must register within 3 days of receiving probation, being released from prison, or entering the state
  • Must notify law enforcement at least 3 days prior to changing address
  • Must register annually for 10 years, unless designated a habitual offender, in which case registration is every 90 days for life
  • Must not work with children, provide services to children, or work on school premises
  • Must submit a DNA sample to law enforcement

If required to register as a violent offender, failure to do so is a felony punishable by a maximum of 5 years in prison.

Image credit: U.S. Marshals Office of Public Affairs

comments powered by Disqus